European Soil Data Centre : Wind erosion

Wind erosion is a widespread phenomenon causing serious soil degradation. It is estimated that about 28% of the global land area experiencing land degradation suffers from this wind-driven soil erosion process. In agricultural lands, soil erosion by wind mainly results from the removal of the finest and most biological active part of the soil richest in organic matter and nutrients. Repeated exposure to wind erosion can have permanent effects on agricultural soil degradation, making it difficult to maintain favourable soil conditions in the long run.